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Proposed Refugee Admissions for Fiscal Year 2007:
Report to the Congress

October 17, 2006


IV. Domestic Impact of Refugee Admissions




The demographic characteristics of arrivals from the 20 largest source countries (which contributed over 99 percent of FY 2005 arrivals into the United States) illustrate the variation among refugee groups. (See Table IV.) Median age ranged from 18 years for arrivals from Burundi to 33 years of age for arrivals from Cuba. The median age for all refugees resettled in FY 2005 was 24 years. Fifty-five percent of refugees from Liberia were female. Fifty-two percent of refugees from Sierra Leone and the former Yugoslavia were female. Fifty-one percent of refugees from Columbia were female; and close to fifty-one percent of refugees from Rwanda, Laos, and the former Soviet Union were female. Males were proportionately the majority of refugees from several other countries, namely, Eritrea (76 percent), Iraq (60 percent), and Sudan (59 percent); while male refugees from the remaining countries are represented by a range of 45 percent to 55 percent of the total.

TABLE IV
Median Age and Gender of Refugee Arrivals, Fiscal Year 2005
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rank
(# of Arrivals)
Country of Origin
 Refugees
Admitted
Median
 Age
%
Females
%
Males
1
Former Soviet Union
11,175
28.4
50.4%
49.6%
2
Somalia
10,405
21.1
48.4%
51.6%
3
Laos
8,517
20.1
50.5%
49.5%
4
Cuba
6,356
33
47.3%
52.7%
5
Liberia
4,289
21
55.1%
44.9%
6
Sudan
2,205
22.3
40.8%
59.2%
7
Vietnam
2,084
25.4
46.1%
53.9%
8
Iran
1,849
32.3
47.1%
52.9%
9
Ethiopia
1,665
25.2
47.6%
52.4%
10
Burma
1,447
24.7
45.1%
54.9%
11
Afghanistan
902
23.8
47.7%
52.3%
12
Sierra Leone
829
28.2
52.2%
47.8%
13
Democratic Republic of Congo
424
19.4
46.5%
53.5%
14
Eritrea
329
27.4
24.3%
75.7%
15
Colombia
323
25.1
51.4%
48.6%
16
Burundi
214
18.4
45.8%
54.2%
17
Iraq
198
27.8
39.9%
60.1%
18
Rwanda
183
22.6
50.8%
49.2%
19
Former Yugoslavia
138
30.9
52.2%
47.8%
20
Togo
72
23.6
50.0%
50.0%
 
All Other Countries
209
24.8
47.4%
52.6%
TOTAL 
53,813
24.0
48.9%
51.1%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Former Soviet Union includes countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Former Yugoslavia includes countries of Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia.
 








































Considerable variation among refugee groups can be seen among specific age categories. Arrivals under the age of five varied from a high of 18 percent of the Laotians to a low of 3 percent of those from Iran. Arrivals of school-age children (five to 17 years of age) varied from a high of 38 percent for those from the Congo (DROC) to a low of 12 percent for those from Eritrea. Arrivals of working-age refugees (18 to 64 years of age) varied from 82 percent for those from Eritrea to a low of 41 percent for those from Laos. Arrivals of retirement-age (65 years or older) varied from a high of 7 percent for arrivals from the former Soviet Union to a low of less than 1 percent from Rwanda, Burundi, the Congo (DROC), and Eritrea. For all arrivals, 10 percent were under the age of five, 28 percent were of school age, 56 percent were of working age, and 4 percent were of retirement age. (See Table V.)

TABLE V
Select Age Categories of Refugee Arrivals, Fiscal Year 2005
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rank
(# of Arrivals)
Country of Origin
Under 5 Yrs
School Age
(5-17)
Working Age
 (18-64)
Retirement Age
 (=or > 65)
1
Former Soviet Union
8.5%
26.2%
58.8%
6.5%
2
Somalia
11.9%
31.7%
54.3%
2.1%
3
Cuba
5.0%
18.4%
70.7%
5.9%
4
Laos
18.3%
36.8%
40.6%
4.3%
5
Liberia
9.4%
37.3%
51.6%
1.7%
6
Sudan
12.8%
23.2%
63.0%
0.9%
7
Iran
3.2%
16.0%
75.1%
5.8%
8
Vietnam
9.2%
26.3%
63.4%
1.0%
9
Ethiopia
7.0%
19.2%
72.8%
1.0%
10
Burma
10.4%
22.2%
66.4%
0.9%
11
Sierra Leone
4.0%
24.5%
66.7%
4.7%
12
Afghanistan
7.8%
34.4%
56.9%
0.9%
13
Eritrea
5.9%
12.2%
81.9%
0.0%
14
Democratic Republic
of Congo
13.2%
38.0%
48.5%
0.2%
15
Colombia
7.4%
30.3%
60.6%
1.8%
16
Iraq
7.8%
22.0%
68.3%
2.0%
17
Rwanda
6.6%
35.4%
57.6%
0.5%
18
Former Yugoslavia
5.7%
13.5%
76.6%
4.3%
19
Burundi
16.7%
35.6%
47.3%
0.5%
20
Togo
15.1%
19.2%
63.0%
2.7%
 
Other Countries
4.1%
30.3%
63.8%
1.8%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 TOTAL
10.3%
28.4%
57.6%
3.7%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Former Soviet Union includes countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Former Yugoslavia includes countries of Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
NOTE:   Totals may exceed 100% due to overlapping age categories.











































During FY 2005, 77 percent of newly arrived refugees resettled in 16 States. California (14 percent) resettled the largest number of refugees, followed by Minnesota (12 percent), Florida (9 percent), Texas (6 percent), Washington (5 percent), New York (5 percent), Arizona (3 percent), Georgia (3 percent), and Wisconsin (3 percent). The States of Ohio, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Massachusetts, Virginia, and North Carolina respectively resettled just under 3 percent of the newly arrived refugees. Table VI presents refugee arrivals by State of initial resettlement for FY 2005.
In FY 2005, the 15 largest source countries contributed over 98 percent of arrivals into the United States. Because of the changing world situation, the number of refugees admitted and the distribution of admissions vary somewhat from last year's figures. Refugee countries of origin included the former Soviet Union (21 percent of all refugees in FY 2005, 17 percent of all refugees in FY 2004), Somalia (19 percent of all refugees in FY 2005, 25 percent of all refugees in FY 2004), Laos (16 percent of all refugees in FY 2005, 11 percent in FY 2004), Cuba (12 percent in FY 2005, 6 percent in FY 2004), Liberia (8 percent in FY 2005, 13 percent in FY 2004), Sudan (4 percent in FY 2005, 7 percent in FY 2004), Vietnam (4 percent in FY 2005, 2 percent in FY 2004), Iran (3 percent in FY 2005, 3 percent in FY 2004), Ethiopia (3 percent in FY 2005, 5 percent in FY 2004), Burma (3 percent in FY 2005, 2 percent in FY 2004), Afghanistan (2 percent in FY 2005, 2 percent in FY 2004), Sierra Leone (2 percent in FY 2005, 2 percent in FY 2004), Democratic Republic of Congo (1 percent in FY 2005, 1 percent in FY 2004), Eritrea (1 percent in FY 2005, less than 1 percent in FY 2004), and Colombia (1 percent in FY 2005, 1 percent in FY 2004). Table VII presents arrivals by country of origin for FY 2005.


TABLE VI
Refugee Arrivals By State of Initial Resettlement, Fiscal Year 2005
 
 
 
 
 
STATE
Refugee Arrivals
Amerasian Arrivals
 Total
Arrivals
%  of
Total Arrivals to U.S.
Alabama            
       102
0
       102
0.19%
Alaska             
         80
0
         80
0.15%
Arizona            
    1,872
0
    1,872
3.48%
Arkansas           
         12
0
         12
0.02%
California         
    7,505
11
    7,516
13.97%
Colorado            
       901
0
       901
1.67%
Connecticut        
       526
0
       526
0.98%
Delaware           
         19
0
         19
0.04%
District of Columbia
         42
4
         46
0.09%
Florida            
    4,793
0
    4,793
8.91%
Georgia            
    1,870
0
    1,870
3.47%
Guam               
           5
0
          5
0.01%
Hawaii             
         25
0
         25
0.05%
Idaho              
       534
0
       534
0.99%
Illinois           
    1,463
0
    1,463
2.72%
Indiana            
       493
0
       493
0.92%
Iowa               
       361
4
       365
0.68%
Kansas             
       145
9
       154
0.29%
Kentucky           
       774
5
       779
1.45%
Louisiana          
       205
0
       205
0.38%
Maine              
       151
0
       151
0.28%
Maryland           
       734
3
       737
1.37%
Massachusetts      
    1,279
6
    1,285
2.39%
Michigan           
       866
4
       870
1.62%
Minnesota           
    6,357
0
    6,357
11.81%
Missouri           
       987
0
       987
1.83%
Montana            
           5
0
          5
0.01%
Nebraska           
       225
0
       225
0.42%
Nevada             
       385
0
       385
0.72%
New Hampshire      
       311
0
       311
0.58%
New Jersey         
       713
0
       713
1.32%
New Mexico         
         81
0
         81
0.15%
STATE
Refugee Arrivals
Amerasian Arrivals
 Total
Arrivals
%  of
Total Arrivals to U.S.
New York           
    2,561
7
    2,568
4.77%
North Carolina     
    1,259
14
    1,273
2.37%
North Dakota       
       228
0
       228
0.42%
Ohio               
    1,560
0
    1,560
2.90%
Oklahoma           
       136
0
       136
0.25%
Oregon             
    1,024
0
    1,024
1.90%
Pennsylvania       
    1,521
0
    1,521
2.83%
Puerto Rico        
           8
0
          8
0.01%
Rhode Island       
       283
0
       283
0.53%
South Carolina     
       105
0
       105
0.20%
South Dakota       
       214
0
       214
0.40%
Tennessee          
       869
0
       869
1.61%
Texas              
    3,243
2
    3,245
6.03%
Utah               
       753
0
       753
1.40%
Vermont             
       182
0
       182
0.34%
Virginia           
    1,276
0
    1,276
2.37%
Washington         
    2,841
6
    2,847
5.29%
West Virginia      
           3
0
          3
0.01%
Wisconsin          
    1,851
0
    1,851
3.44%
Total
 53,738
75
 53,813
100.0%
Note:  Arrival figures do not reflect secondary migration.
Source:  Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Refugee Processing Center
TABLE VII
Refugee Arrivals By Country of Origin, Fiscal Year 2005
 
 
 
Country of Origin
Arrivals
Number
% of Total
Afghanistan
902
1.68%
Algeria
1
0.00%
Angola
21
0.04%
Burma
1,447
2.69%
Burundi
214
0.40%
Cambodia
9
0.02%
Cameroon
6
0.01%
China
13
0.02%
Colombia
323
0.60%
Congo
43
0.08%
Cuba
6,356
11.81%
Democratic Republic of Congo
424
0.79%
Ecuador
8
0.01%
Equatorial Guinea
25
0.05%
Eritrea
329
0.61%
Ethiopia
1,665
3.09%
Former Soviet Union
11,175
20.77%
Former Yugoslavia
138
0.26%
Germany
1
0.00%
Ghana
1
0.00%
Haiti
8
0.01%
India
1
0.00%
Indonesia
6
0.01%
Iran
1,849
3.44%
Iraq
198
0.37%
Israel
2
0.00%
Ivory Coast
5
0.01%
Country of Origin
Arrivals
Number
% of Total
Kenya
1
0.00%
Laos
8,517
15.83%
Liberia
4,289
7.97%
Madagascar (Malagasy Republic)
1
0.00%
Mauritania
3
0.01%
Montenegro
2
0.00%
Namibia
4
0.01%
Nigeria
11
0.02%
Pakistan
9
0.02%
Rwanda
183
0.34%
Senegal
1
0.00%
Sierra Leone
829
1.54%
Somalia
10,405
19.34%
Sudan
2,205
4.10%
Syria
7
0.01%
Togo
72
0.13%
Uganda
10
0.02%
United States of America
7
0.01%
Vietnam
2,084
3.87%
Yemen (Sanaa)
1
0.00%
Zimbabwe
2
0.00%
TOTAL
53,813
100.0%
Source:  Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Refugee Processing Center
Table VIII
Estimated Costs of Refugee Processing, Movement, and Resettlement
FY 2006 Estimate and FY 2007 Budget Request
($ Millions)
 
Agency
Estimated Funding
FY 2006
(by Activity)
Estimated Funding
FY 2007
(by Activity)
Department of Homeland Security
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
     Refugee Processing
$ 12.1
$ 15.3
Department of State
Bureau of Population, Refugee, and Migration
     Refugee Admissions
$ 165.5*
$ 222.7
Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Children and Families,
Office of Refugee Resettlement
     Refugee Resettlement
$ 569.8**
$ 614.9**
 
 
 
TOTAL
$ 747.4
$ 852.9
* Includes $4 million in recoveries from prior FY.
                  
** Does not include costs associated with the Transitional Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Medicaid, or SSI programs.  ORR's refugee benefits and services are also provided to Asylees, Cuban and Haitian Entrants, certain Amerasians from Vietnam, victims of a severe form of trafficking who have received certification or eligibility letters from ORR, and certain family members who are accompanying or following to join victims of severe forms of trafficking, and some victims of torture.  None of these additional groups is included in the refugee admissions ceiling.
Table IX
UNHCR Resettlement Statistics by Resettlement Country
CY 2005
 Departures
 
Resettlement Country
 
Total
Percent  of
Total
resettled
United States
23,289
60.48%
Canada
5,811
15.09%
Australia
5,117
13.29%
Sweden
1,190
3.09%
Norway
636
1.65%
Finland
584
1.52%
Netherlands
479
1.24%
Denmark
454
1.18%
New Zealand
307
0.80%
Great Britain
242
0.63%
Ireland
116
0.30%
Brazil
76
0.20%
Chile
52
0.14%
Iceland
31
0.08%
Argentina
31
0.08%
Other*
92
0.24%
Total
38,507
100%


 
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